The International Airport Varna
The International Airport Varna is the second largest airport after Sofia. It connects 35 countries and 101 cities around the world. It offers maintenance and repair of all basic types of Russian airplanes; it also supports an airport for charter flights. The traffic serviced can be divided in the following groups: • Passenger's charter, servicing the Black sea resorts during the summer season. • Regular international flights. • Cargo charter flights. • Flights of general purpose ( General aviation ). The vision of the Bulgarian Government for the Airport is concession granting. Interest in investments has been declared by the Wiggins Group,Brussels Airport ,United Kingdom; a consortium of 6 multi-national companies, among them Credit Swiss First Boston, , Copenhagen Airport , Montgomery Asset Management and the Belgian BIAC.
The telecommunication network in Varna is the best one in Bulgaria as the rates of digitalization are the highest in the country: 44.4% for the city of Varna, 36% for the district of Varna, average for the country - 21%. . The digital telephone systems used are Siemens and Ericsson. Varna is one of the main junctions of two international submarine optic cables: KAFOS - connecting Varna, Istanbul (Turkey) and Mangalia (Romania) as well as the telecommunication infrastructures of Bulgaria and the European countries; BSFOCS (Black Sea Fiber Optic Cable System) - an optic cable connecting Varna, Odessa (Ukraine) and Novorosiysk (Russia).
Varna district is characterized by an average road network density of 328.99 km / km2 and total length of 1256.60 km. Hemus and Cherno more highways have the greatest significance to the development of the Republican road network on the territory of Varna district. They also represent a part of the pan-European road network and particularly of corridors No.7 and 8. Setting these two highways of national importance in compliance with the European standards will greatly improve the transport activity between the district and the rest of the country, the Central and West European potential markets as well as the countries of the Black Sea Economic Co-operation.
The Pearl of Black Sea Cost
Varna is the largest city at the Bulgarian Black Sea coast, it is located about 470 km east of the capital Sofia. The area has been the home of several great civilizations - Thracians, Greeks, Bulgarians and Turks. As the third largest city after Sofia and Plovdiv, Varna is Bulgaria's most entrancing metropolis and rivals the other two in affording a wide range of museums and sights. Of particular interest are the National Revival Museum, Archeological Museum, the Art Gallery, the Natural History Museum, the Zoo and the Dolphinarium , the Ethnographic and City Historical Museum, the Navy Museum and the Aquarium, the Sea Gardens. Of more historical value are 17th century Cathedral of the Holy Mother, the Church of St Atanas, the 2 century Roman thermae.
Varna is one of the most visited resorts, an attractive tourist destination, which is in close proximity to the first-class resorts Golden Sands, Albena and Sveti Konstantin i Elena.
Varna sea port is positioned on the Black Sea west coast, creating the link between several European transport corridors. The location makes Varna a logistic bridge between Europe, Ukraine, Russia, Caucasus, Near and Far East.
Varna has the only rail ferry terminal in the Black Sea where it is possible to change the bogies of rail wagons from European to Russian standard. Having this unique advantage, the terminal provides one of the shortest and the cheapest routes for the traffic between Europe and Asia.
The total length of the railway network in Varna district is 307.12 km excluding the railway network within the station areas. The basic Republican railway lines are: • 2-nd railway line Sofia - Varna with length of 121.111 km, connecting all the directions of Northern Bulgaria. Due to its connection to Ruse direction, passing through the territory of Varna district this line is of great importance for the cargo transportation from Ruse to Varna port. The line is double and entirely electrified. • 3-rd railway line Karnobat – Sindel connects the North-eastern part of Bulgaria to its southern parts and appears to be an element of the VIII trans-European transport corridor concerning its railway infrastructure.
The economic profile of the Region includes: shipbuilding, tourism, chemical industry, machine-building, sea and air transport, food processing and wine industries. The industrial zones of Varna and Provadia are composed of over 100 enterprises, sea-navigation, shipbuilding and repair, diesel engines, medical and household goods, communications, textile and ready-made clothes, furniture and metallurgy. Food and wine industries produce over 50,000 tons per year. Large scale chemical industries are concentrated in the region of Devnia and Beloslav. The plants produce soda ash, cement, polyvinilchloride, detergents, washing and cleaning products, fertilizers, glass and sanitary glass, household chemical products. Prevailing in the region are grains and fodder cultures, vineyards and orchards. Main priorities are restoration of the vineyards (20 000 dka), creation of orchards (20 000 dka), rehabilitation of the irrigation systems, creation of small grain-depots, reconstruction of the stock-breeding farms, establishment of stock-exchanges and Agrobusiness centre.